Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS)

NtoM logo ICARUS UPC logo

NtoM suggests a concept of operations for Medium-Altitude-Long-Endurance ( MALE ) and High-Altitude-Long-Endurance ( HALE ) Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). Taking into account the current and expected workload of the pilots, and exploiting the potential of Controller-Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC), NtoM suggests a set of measures not only for a safe management of the handover process, but also to react to unexpected situations like pilot incapacitation, or even to make it feasible a parallel piloting.

NtoM flight assignments


Example of flight assignations. The use of CPDLC is not mandatory.

NtoM stages


Operators could define stages of the flight where pilots with specific skills are preferred for the assignments.

As a collateral benefit, it allows for an optimization of the human resources of the operators, providing also a way to schedule or assign the flight on the go to the pilots considering their particular skills. Another key piece of the whole system is the implementation of the CPDLC display, designed to provide a guided, quick and intuitive interface. On its own, it could be a valuable tool to the future fully instruction and deployment of the CPDLC.

Organization:

DRONEXT logoUC3M logo

The DRONEXT project addresses the design of a multi-service communication framework for the protection, safety and defense applications of the secure societies of the future. Our solution uses an infrastructure of Micro Air Vehicles (MAV) to provide communications and service coverage in delimited geographical areas, in which there is no appropriate communications for the applications to be deployed (non-existent or unavailable due to a natural disaster for instance). Additionally, the framework under development uses larger tactical Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) to communicate distant geographical areas, where MAVs coverage is supported, with a Ground Control Station (GCS), which provides connectivity towards control centers responsible for coordinating the execution of the operations that required the network deployment. 

 

Figure 1: overview of the framework design and use cases

Our framework makes use of virtualization techniques, to support the fast and adaptable deployment and upgrade of any functions and services over the MAV infrastructure (e.g. VoIP services, routing, positioning algorithms, video recording and transmission, etc.). The use of virtualization, and the coordination of MAVs and larger tactical RPAS, provides the flexibility to address a wide variety of use cases related to protection, security and defense. An overview of the framework design, along with a subset of its use cases, is presented in Figure 1.

 

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