Modern C++ API with GCC > 5.1 in Connext 5.2.x

GCC 5.1 introduced a new version of libstdc++ with a library ABI that includes new implementations of std::string and std::list (see in GCC online documentation). This new ABI breaks backwards compatibility with applications and libraries linked against older versions of libstdc++ using std::string or std::list.  You can find more information about this change in the online documentation of gcc.

RTI Connext DDS 5.2.3 provides libraries for Modern C++ API (i.e., C++03 or C++11) built with different versions of GCC, including GCC 4.8.2. However, it lacks official support for applications linked with GCC > 5.1. Therefore, if you try to link application code built with GCC > 5.1 RTI Connext DDS libraries that are built with GCC < 5.1, the compilation will fail due to link errors similar to the following:

file.cxx:(.text+0x12781): undefined reference to `getValue(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char="">, std::allocator > const&)'

There are two workarounds to solve this situation.

1. Using the _GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI macro to select the old ABI

#define _GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI 0

Note that this solution could cause conflicts with other third*party libraries compiles with the new version of gcc without that define.

2. Install the latest version of GCC supported in 5.2.3 in your system.

To install a version of gcc, you can do it with a package manager or compiling the source code. For example, see steps below to install gcc 4.8.0:

  • Create a build directory  mkdir gcc-build && cd gcc-build
  • Download the source code ( wget , e.g.)
  • Unzip the file ( tar -xvjf gcc-4.8.0.tar.bz2)
  • Install the necessary libraries:
    • libgmp-dev
    • libmpfr-dev
    • libmpc-dev
    • Libc6-dev
    • Configure the compilation:  ./gcc-4.8.0/configure --prefix=/opt/gcc/4.8.0
  • Run make
  • Run  sudo make install
  • Verify that the installation finished correctly running  gcc --version

After that, there won’t be any more errors related to the compatibility with std::string.

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