Using DDS in UAV Control Stations

Describes the devekopment of UAV Control Station by Raytheon:

  • The control stations provide command and control of an unmanned air vehicle (UAV)
  • A common control station controls more than one type of UAV
  • A control station is made up of a set of service
  • Services defined by the Unmanned Systems (UxS) Control Segment (UCS) Architecture standard. Some common to all vehicles and some unique to a single vehicle

UAV Control Systems belong to a class of systems that require:

NtoM logoICARUS UPC logo

NtoM is a concept of operations which pursues the feasibility, from a human factors perspective, of having a single pilot/aircrew controlling several remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) at once in non-segregated airspace. To meet such feasibility, this multitasking must be safe and not interfere with the job of the air traffic controllers due to delays or errors associated with parallel piloting. To that end, a set of measures at several levels are suggested.

A prototype of the system orchestrating the enviroment described by the ConOps was implemented to illustrate the potential of the concept. The connectivity between the clients for pilots and controllers and the server was done using RTI Connext DDS, which is particularly interesting in the case of the RPAS to simulate different scenarios of Quality of Service of the link.

 DDS schema of the NtoM connectivity

Operating Nomad during the Atacama Desert Trek

Nomad is a mobile robot designed for extended planetary exploration. In June and July of 1997, Nomad performed the first such mission, traversing more than 220 kilometers in the Atacama Desert of Chile and exploring a landscape analogous to that of the Moon and Mars.

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The main objective of PLANET project is the design, development and validation of an integrated platform to enable the deployment, operation and maintenance of large-scale/complex systems of heterogeneous networked Cooperating Objects, including Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks and mobile objects. The platform supports optimal and adaptive deployment and operation by means of mobile cooperating objects, i.e. vehicles, networked with static nodes. The platform is validated in two complementary scenarios: the monitoring of the Doñana Biological Reserve with very high ecological value and very sensitive to the impact of pollution, and the highly automated airfield scenario in which security plays an important role and where wireless communication and cooperative techniques pose significant challenges.

PLANET addresses the design methodology and development of the platform as well as the algorithms required to support the deployment and maintenance of heterogeneous systems with mobile and static nodes. 

We use RTI DDS as the middleware for the communication between heterogeneous Cooperating Objects, such as UAVs, UGVs and ground sensor networks. Upon RTI DDS we build a set of PLANET services to ease the deployment, operation and maintenance of heterogeneous networked Cooperating Objects. 

For more information of the Project PLANET, you are welcome to visit the website:

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